Edubuntu package installation

*.deb package installation
These files are Debian packages. The package files associated with Edubuntu. You will need administrative privileges to install a .deb file.

To install a *.deb :
– open the package location; double-click on it. or
– from Terminal; type : sudo dpkg -i package_name.debTo uninstall a *.deb :
– open synaptic; deselect it then click apply button. or
– from Terminal; type : sudo dpkg -r package_name

*.rpm package installation
Another type of package files is Red Hat Package Manager files which have the .rpm suffix. It is not recommended to install these on an Ubuntu system. However, if absolutely necessary, an .rpm file can be converted to a .deb package using alien

To convert *.rpm to *.deb

  1. Install the alien package; open synaptic, search for alien and select it, click apply button. or from Terminal; type sudo apt-get install alien
  2. In a Terminal, type : sudo alien package_file.rpm
  3. The converted package can be used like normal .deb

Tarballs installation ( .tar, .tgz, .tar.gz or tar.bz2 )
If there is no native Ubuntu package available in any of the Ubuntu repositories, you can use the command line to install or uninstall the tarball file. Tarballs often contain the source code of the program, and need to be compiled in order to be used. Compiling programs requires some packages that are not installed by default. You can install these all at once by installing the build-essential package.

  1. Extract the tarball; double click on it then click extract. or from Terminal; type : tar xfvz tarball_name
  2. Then open the extracted, find the the instructions that come with the package. The instruction can be found in README or INSTALL file. Follow that instruction to compile and install a tarball file.

    *.run installation
    Sometimes you may need to install software which has been packaged as a .run file. These files contain the software and a small program to install the software.

    1. Find the *.run file from file browser
    2. Right-click the file and select Properties
    3. Cclick on permission tab, check on Allow executing file as program
    4. Double-click the .run file. A dialog box will appear
    5. Click Run in Terminal button to run it.
    6. A Terminal window will open. Follow any instructions on-screen to install the program

    then click Close button

      To install a program :
      We can do it package per package, from Add/Remove, from Synaptic or from Terminal

      For package to package;
      make sure that all packages were met the dependencies of that program, then install the package one by one based on the dependencies sequence.

      For Add/Remove;

      1. go to Applications – Add/Remove, type the program name and show : all available applications
      2. check the desired program
      3. click apply button

        For Synaptic;

        1. go to System – Administration – Synaptic packages manager
        2. click on search and type down the program_name
        3. check the desired program
        4. click apply button

          For Terminal; just type : sudo apt-get install program_name

          ~E~

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